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How to Cite Sources

Style Guide

ASA (American Sociological Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources in sociology.

For a more detailed explanation of how to use ASA style, see the ASA Style Guide, 5th edition.

References Examples

Based on ASA Style Guide, 5th Edition, 2014 

(Courtesy of UCONN Library)

Book: Single Author

Collins, Patricia H. 2004. Black Sexual Politics: African Americans, Gender, and the New Racism. New York: Routledge.

Book: Two or More Authors

Edin, Kathryn, and Maria Kefalas. 2005. Promises I Can Keep: Why Poor Women Put Motherhood Before Marriage. Berkeley: University of California Press. 

Book: Edited Volume (when citing the entire volume)

Hagan, John, and Ruth D. Peterson, eds. 1995. Crime and Inequality. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

Book: Chapter in Book

Williams, Susan L. 2001. “City Kids and Country Cousins: Rural and Urban Youths, Deviance, and Labor Market Ties.”Pp. 379-441 in Social Awakening: Adolescent Behavior as Adulthood Approaches, edited by Robert T. Michael. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Book: No Author

Essays on the History of British Sociological Research. 1985. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Book: Editions of Books

Gmelch, George, and Walter P. Zenner. 2002. Urban Life: Readings in the Anthropology of the City. 4th ed. Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland Press.

Book: Translations

Barbagli, Marzio. 1982. Educating for Unemployment: Politics, Labor Markets, and the School System-Italy, 1959- 1973. Translated by R.H. Ross. New York: Columbia University Press. 

Print Journal Article, One Author

Virnoche, Mary E. 2001. “Pink Collars on the Internet: Roadblocks to the Information Superhighway.” Women’s Studies Quarterly 29(3):80-102.

Print Journal Article, Two or More Authors

Murrell, Audrey J., and Erika Hayes James. 2001. “Gender and Diversity in Organization: Past, Present and Future Directions.” Sex Roles 45(5):243-257.

Print Newspaper and Magazine Articles

Samuelson, Robert J. 2001. “Can America Assimilate?” Newsweek, April 9, p. 42. 

Journal Articles from Electronic Journals

Weinberg, Adam S. 2002. “The University: an Agent of Social Change?” Qualitative Sociology, 25:263-272. Retrieved August 1, 2001 (

Journal Articles with DOI

Phillips, Reginald. M., and S. H. Bonsteel 2010. "The Faculty and Information Specialist Partnership Stimulating Student Interest and Experiential Learning." Nurse Educator, 35(3), 136-138. doi: 10.1097/NNE.0b013e3181d95090.

Newspaper or Magazine Article

Sampson, Robert J. 2006. "Open Doors Don't Invite Criminals." New York Times, March 11. Retrieved July 10, 2010 (


Purdue University. 2012. "Purdue University's Foundations of Excellence Final Report: A Roadmap for Excellent Beginnings. Retrieved Nov. 21, 2014 (

Web Log (Blog)

Carrigan, Mark. 2014. “Qualitative Self-tracking and the Qualified Self.” The Sociological Imagination Blog. Retrieved July 31, 2014 (